Diet and Breastfeeding

Foie gras breastfeeding: all you need to know

foie gras allaitement

Foie gras breastfeeding: Introduction

Foie gras, a true gastronomic product, is a must-have for holiday meals. Every year, it graces our tables for Christmas and New Year’s. This exceptional dish, renowned for its flavor and texture, lives up to its name due to its caloric content. This characteristic raises questions about its consumption during breastfeeding. Indeed, during this period, mothers pay particular attention to their diet to ensure the quality of the breast milk they provide to their child.

What is foie gras?

It is a culinary preparation made from the liver of geese or ducks. This practice, dating back several centuries, has its origins in various cultures, including Egyptian and Roman, before becoming popular in Europe. Moreover, a whole range of foie gras can be found on the market: whole, semi-cooked, raw, canned, in blocks, and even garnished with truffles.

Composition of foie gras

Nutrient type Amount per 100g
Calories 450 kcal
Proteins 16 g
Carbohydrates 0 g
Fats 41 g
Cholesterol 350 mg
Vitamin A 10000 IU
Vitamin D 50 IU
Iron 6 mg

How to choose suitable foie gras while breastfeeding?

Here are some tips to guide you in your choice:

  • Cooking (most important): Choose cooked foie gras and not semi-cooked. Semi-cooked products, or less cooked, may pose a higher risk of contamination by harmful bacteria, such as listeriosis or salmonellosis, which can be particularly dangerous for infants and breastfeeding women.
  • Quality label: Look for official quality labels such as “Label Rouge” in France, which guarantee a product that meets strict production and quality standards.
  • Visual aspect: A good foie gras should have a uniform color, ranging from pale pink to golden beige, without spots or dark areas. Avoid livers with blood marks or bruises.
  • Texture: Foie gras should be firm to the touch but melt in the mouth. Avoid livers that feel too soft or have a grainy texture.
  • Odor: A good foie gras should have a delicate and pleasant smell, without any trace of bitterness or strong greasy odor. Avoid livers with a strong or unpleasant smell.
  • Origin: Prefer foie gras from reputable producers who use animal-friendly and environmentally friendly breeding and production methods.
Breastfeeding foie gras

Vegan foie gras breastfeeding

Also known as “faux gras” or “vegan foie gras”. It is made from cereals, vegetables, vegetable oils, nuts, and spices. This alternative aims to reproduce the texture and flavor of classic foie gras while being respectful of animals and the environment. Available in health food stores, or opt for homemade. Even though it does not faithfully reproduce the taste of classic foie gras, it remains ethical and suitable for people avoiding animal products.

Breastfeeding Foie Gras: Benefits and Risks

  • Benefits: Foie gras is a concentrated source of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) and minerals such as iron and zinc. Its omega-3 fatty acids contribute to brain development and baby growth. These nutrients are essential for the health of both mother and child.
  • Risks: Some babies may react to components of foie gras consumed by the mother, such as animal proteins, saturated fats, and cholesterol. Studies show that foods such as dairy products, eggs, and seafood can trigger allergic reactions in breastfed infants.

Effects of Foie Gras on Breast Milk

Due to its lipidic and nutritional properties, foie gras could impact the composition of breast milk: Alteration of milk lipid composition, Supply of fat-soluble vitamins, Impact on calories, etc… However, specific data on this effect remains to be further investigated. Consult your doctor for personalized advice.

The quality and taste of breast milk: Some mothers report that their baby seems to enjoy breastfeeding more after consuming certain foods, while others have observed a rejection reaction, such as refusal to suckle or agitation during breastfeeding. There is no universal answer to the question of the impact of foie gras on breast milk, as each mother and baby react differently.

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FAQ on Foie Gras and Breastfeeding

Is it safe to eat foie gras while breastfeeding? Occasional consumption of foie gras while breastfeeding is considered safe.

Can foie gras affect breast milk? There are no precise answers to this question. Eating foie gras can potentially influence the composition of breast milk, but research on this topic is limited. It is recommended that mothers observe their baby’s reactions after consuming foie gras.

What precautions should I take if I decide to eat foie gras while breastfeeding? Opt for good quality foie gras, ideally from France. Avoid raw or undercooked foie gras due to the risk of bacterial contamination.

Are there alternatives to foie gras for breastfeeding mothers? Yes, there are plant-based alternatives to foie gras, as well as other sources of protein and healthy fats, such as fatty fish, nuts, and seeds. Consider diversifying your diet to ensure complete nutritional intake.


There is no harm for a breastfeeding woman to occasionally consume foie gras, as long as it is not overdone and preferably cooked. If the baby shows no reaction after breastfeeding, then there is no issue with this food. However, in case of a reaction, it is advisable to seek the advice of a healthcare professional. Check out our other articles on breastfeeding HERE and enrich your motherhood journey with valuable advice.


About Cécile Kolbecher

Après une expérience de 10 ans dans le secteur sanitaire et social, Cécile a entamé une reconversion professionnelle puis s'est formée à la rédaction web et au SEO. Désormais, elle met à profit son goût pour l'écriture et ses compétences dans la création de contenu sur le thème de la maternité et de l'allaitement.

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